Cú pháp học - Syntax

Cú pháp học – Syntax – Bài làm tham khảo đề thi KTHP

Bài làm tham khảo đề thi KTHP Cú pháp học – Syntax – do Hội Gia sư Đà Nẵng sưu tầm – Các bạn sinh viên ngoại ngữ tham khảo nhé.

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Bài làm tham khảo 01 Cú pháp học – syntax

Combine the following simple sentences to form subordination.

  1. I was on holiday. The postman realized this. You had sent me a parcel. The postman left the parcel next door.

–> The postman left the parcel that you had sent me next door because he realized that I was on holiday. (Subordination)

  1. His friends assembled. They offered him their congratulations upon his safe return. They were comfortably seated. He described all his adventures. 

–> After his friends assembled to offer him their congratulations upon his safe return, he described all his adventures when they were comfortably seated. (Subordination)

2. State the functions of all clauses in the subordination then analyze them syntactically.

James told John who was his close friend at school what he had seen there.  

  • Functions:

                + Subordinate clauses:

                “who … school”: Mod to “John”

                “what … there”: Od to “told”

                + Main clauses:

“James … there”: Superordinate (to the two subordinate clauses)

  • Syntactic features

+ Subordinate clauses:

“who … school”: [S Vint Cs] Ap  (1)

“what … there” :  [Od S Vtmono] Ap  (3)

                + Superordinate clauses:

“James … there” : [S Vtdi Oi Od] (4b)

(THE END)

Bài làm tham khảo 02 Cú pháp học – syntax

Combine the following simple sentences to form subordination.

  • I was on holiday. The postman realized this. You had sent me a parcel. The postman left the parcel next door.

The postman left the parcel that you had sent me next door because he realized that I was on holiday.

  • His friends assembled. They offered him their congratulations upon his safe return. They were comfortably seated. He described all his adventures. 

He described all his adventures after his friends who assembled and were comfortably seated offered him their congratulations upon his safe return.

State the functions of all clauses in the subordination then analyze them syntactically.

James told John who was his close friend at school what he had seen there.  

  • Functions:

                + Subordinate clauses:

                “who … school”: Mod to “John”

                “what … there”: Od to “told”        

                + Main clauses:

“James … there”: Superordinate (to the two subordinate clauses)

  • Syntactic features

+ Subordinate clauses:

“who … school”: [ S Vint Cs]

 “what … there” : [ Od S Vtmono] Ap

                + Superordinate clauses:

“James … there”: [ S Vtdi Oi Od]

(THE END)

Bài làm tham khảo 03 Cú pháp học – syntax

Combine the following simple sentences to form subordination.

  • I was on holiday. The postman realized this. You had sent me a parcel. The postman left the parcel next door.

The postman left the parcel you had sent me next door because he realized that i was on holiday. ( Subordination)

  • His friends assembled. They offered him their congratulations upon his safe return. They were comfortably seated. He described all his adventures. 

After his friends had assembled to offer him their congratulation upon his safe return, he described all his adventure when they were comfortably seated. (subordination)

State the functions of all clauses in the subordination then analyze them syntactically.

James told John who was his close friend at school what he had seen there.  

  • Functions:

                + Subordinate clauses:

                “who … school”:  mod to “John”

                “what … there”:  od to “told”

                + Main clauses:

“James … there”: Superordinate (to the two subordinate clauses)

  • Syntactic features

+ Subordinate clauses:

“who … school” :  [S Vint Cs] Ap (1)

“what … there” : [O S Vtmono] Ap (3)

                + Superordinate clauses:

“James … there : [ S Vtdi Oi Od] (4b)

(THE END)

Bài làm tham khảo 04 Cú pháp học – Syntax

1.

They play the game skillfully. No one could have played it more skillfully. They had been thoroughly well trained.

 => Because they had been thoroughly well trained, they play the game skillfully and
Ad to “play”                                                               Sup

no one could have played it more skillfully.
Mod to “play”

2.

“If you have already booked your stay in Hoi An, ask your accommodation if they can arrange a private pickup car for you.”

Independent clause: “If you have already booked your stay in Hoi An”

Funtion: Sup to DC

Pattern: [3]

Dependent clause: “ask your accommodation”

Funtion: Ad to “booked”

Pattern: [3]

Dependent clause:  “if they can arrange a private pickup car for you”

Funtion: Mod to “ask”

Pattern: [S V Od Oi] [4a]

English-Vietnamese Translation

English-Vietnamese Translation

Nếu bạn đã đặt phòng ở Hội An thì hãy hỏi chủ phòng của mình là họ có dịch vụ đưa đón bằng xe riêng không.

3.

  1. What time   is  it?
    [   Od               Vint S] (1)
  2. It        is not easy at all to contact him.
    Sf      Vint
  3. Listen to me, please.
    [Vt-monoprep] Mc  (3prep)
  4. How carefully he drove last time!
    [Am                 S     Vi]    At      (7)
  5. There have been some accidents in this area.
    [ Wi       Vint                      S     ]         Ap       (1)
  6. Jane looks smarter than her sister.
    [ S      Vi                Cs                ] (1)
  7. No sooner had she telephoned me than he came.  
    [ Coord    Aux   S    Vt-mono    Od                   ] (3)
  8. How about going to the cinema?
    [ Wq            Vi                A         ] (7)

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